Malaysia is a federation of 13 states and three federal territories in Southeast Asia. It consists of two regions separated by the South China Sea and is bordered by Brunei, Indonesia, and Thailand. Malaysia has strategic location along Strait of Malacca and southern South China Sea.

Located near the equator, Malaysia’s climate is categorized as equatorial, being hot and humid throughout the year. The average rainfall is 250 centimeters (98 in) a year and the average temperature is 27 °C (80.6 °F).Malaysia is exposed to the El Niño effect, which reduces rainfall in the dry season.

The geography of Malaysia deals with the physical and human geography of Malaysia, a Southeast Asian country. There are two major parts to this country, Peninsular Malaysia to the west and East Malaysia to the east. In addition, there are numerous smaller islands surrounding both landmasses.

The demographics of Malaysia are represented by the multiple ethnic groups that exist in the country. Malaysia’s population, according to the 2010 census, is 28,334,000 including non-citizens, which makes it the 42nd most populated country in the world.

One of many reasons why international students choose Malaysia is because of its cost-effective, high quality tertiary education. As an example, you can acquire a UK engineering degree (3 years) in Malaysia through a 3+0 foreign university franchised degree programe at an estimated RM68,000 (US$17,000), whereas the tuition fee of the same 3-year degree programe at the host university in the UK is about £36,000 (or RM217,000 or US$54,250). As such, a student can save up to RM149,000 (US$37,250) in tuition fees if he or she chooses to study in Malaysia (see Table 2.24). If cost of living is taken into account, students who complete their entire 3+0 degree in Malaysia can save up to an estimated RM216,000 (US$54,000).