Ireland: introduction to irish people, country & culture. Ireland is a large island off the west coast of Britain. Since 1921 it has been divided into two countries: Northern Ireland and the Irish Republic.A large part of Northern Ireland is agricultural land, and it has a long and beautiful coast.

The climate of Ireland is mild, moist and changeable with abundant rainfall and a lack of temperature extremes. Ireland’s climate is defined as a temperate oceanic climate, or Cfb on the Köppen climate classification system, a classification it shares with most of northwest Europe.

The island’s main geographical features include low central plains surrounded by coastal mountains. The highest peak is Carrauntoohil (Irish: Corrán Tuathail), which is 1,041 meters (3,415 ft) above sea level. The western coastline is rugged, with many islands, peninsulas, headlands and bays.

Non-Irish nationals were almost evenly split by gender in April 2016 with 267,088 males and 268,387 females. This continues a pattern first seen in 2011 and reflects a change since 2006 when there were more males than females among the non-Irish population.

Education is compulsory for all children in Ireland from the ages of six to sixteen or until students have completed three years of second level education and including one sitting of the Junior Certificate examination. Primary education commonly starts at four to five years old.