Canada is a country in North America consisting of 10 provinces and 3 territories. Located in the northern part of the continent, it extends from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean. The capital city of Canada is Ottawa, Canada’s two official languages are English and French.

Canada is a federal parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy, with Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state. The country is officially bilingual at the federal level. It is one of the world’s most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations.

Canada is a developed country and one of the wealthiest in the world, with the eighth highest per capital income globally. It ranks among the highest in international measurements of education, government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, and economic freedom.

Canada is often associated with cold weather and snow, but in reality, its climate is as diverse as its landscape.Summers can be hot and dry on the prairies, humid in central Canada, and milder on the coasts. Spring is generally pleasant across the country.

Canada is the world’s second-largest country, yet most of the land is uninhabited. The main regions of Canada are the mountainous west coast, flat central prairies, eastern forested plains, and frozen north. Almost every region in Canada is home to an abundance of forests, rivers, and lakes.

Statistics Canada conducts a country-wide census that collects demographic data every five years on the first and sixth year of each decade. The 2016 Canadian Census enumerated a total population of 35,151,728, an increase of around 5.0 percent over the 2011 figure.

Education in Canada. Includes Elementary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education. Education in Canada is for the most part provided publicly, funded and overseen by federal, provincial, and local governments. Education is within provincial jurisdiction and the curriculum is overseen by the province.